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Riddles Austerity 2-8-0s

for the Ministry of Supply (MoS)

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During the Second World War the Railway Executive Committee (REC) were called upon to provide heavy freight locomotives for military service.  They considered the Great Central Railway (GCR) Robinson 2-8-0, as used in the First World War, also the GWR 2-8-0, but both were rejected on the grounds of limited route availability.  The REC decided upon the LMS Stanier 8F, which was the most advanced heavy freight steam locomotive design of the time.
 
Experience soon showed that the LMS Stanier 8F was unsuitable for wartime conditions as construction required too many man hours.  Also it used materials which were either in short supply due to war conditions or were likely to become so.  The task of designing a new Austerity equivalent of the loco was given to Robert Arthur Riddles (MIMechE), the LMS Mechanical & Electrical Engineer (Scotland).  In total 935 examples were ordered by the Ministry of Supply.
  
 
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Austerity 2-8-0: WD 77061.  In 1948 this locomotive was allocated to BR's Eastern Region.
This locomotive was delivered new by the North British Loco Co to the Ministry of Supply (MoS) in June 1943 as WD 7061 and was loaned to the LMS.  In January 1945 it entered War Department (WD) service.  Post-war it was loaned to the LNER from January 1947. In December 1948 it became BR 90532.  It was withdrawn in November 1962. The photo location is Princess Risborough.
  
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US Army Transport Corps diagram of the British Riddles Austerity 2-8-0 steam locomotive
  
The North British Locomotive Co in Glasgow built 545 of these locomotives and the Vulcan Foundry at Newton-le-Willows built 390 of them.

 
       
  WD Number Builder  
  800 to 879 North British Loco Co  
  7000 to 7049 North British Loco Co  
  7050 to 7149 Vulcan Foundry  
  7150 to 7449 North British Loco Co  
  7450 to 7459 Vulcan Foundry  
  8510 to 8624 North British Loco Co  
  8625 to 8718 Vulcan Foundry  
  9177 to 9312 Vulcan Foundry  
       

 
 
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Austerity 2-8-0: LNER 3080
Behind the tender is 4-wheel class Y3 Sentinel geared steam locomotive LNER 8172.
LNER 3080 was originally built by the North British Loco Co as WD 7284, renumbered WD 77284.  She became BR 90080 and was initially allocated to Woodford depot.  Withdrawal from service came in February 1966.
 

     
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Austerity 2-8-0: LNER 3056
The LNER acquired 200 Austerity 2-8-0s in 1946 as class O7 and numbered them 3000 to 3199.
This particular locomotive was originally built by the North British Loco Co as WD 827, later WD 70827.  In BR days it became 90056 and was initially allocated to Woodford depot. It was withdrawn from service May 1967. The location of the photograph is Princess Risborough.
 

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Railway Executive Committee (REC) Diagram of the Riddles Austerity 2-8-0 

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Austerity 2-8-0: BR 63043.  
This loco was built by the North British loco Co as WD 7448, later renumbered as WD 77448 and LNER 3043.  At the time of this photograph it was allocated to Woodford depot.  It was finally withdrawn as BR 90043 in December 1965.
Initially BR prefixed former LNER locomotive numbers by the letter "E".  Later the "E" was dropped and the former LNER numbers were increased by 60000 (as in this example).  
Eventually the Austerity 2-8-0s were all renumbered from BR 90000 upwards  

  
       
  Pony Wheels 3 ft 2 ins  
  Driving Wheels 4 ft 8 ins  
  Cylinders 19 x 28 ins  
  Boiler Length 11 ft 7 ins  
  Boiler Diameter 5 ft 8 ins  
  Boiler Pressure 225 lbs / sq in  
  Weight Empty 65 tons 0 cwt  
  Weight Working 70 tons 5 cwt  
  Tractive Effort 34,215 lbs  
  Tender Wheels 3 ft 2 ins  
  Tender Coal 9 tons 0 cwt  
  Tender Water 5,000 gals  
       

  
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Austerity 2-8-0: BR 90093.  BR renumbered it's Austerity 2-8-0s from 90000 to 90732
This loco was built by the North British Loco Co as WD 78582, later LNER 3093 and BR 63093.  For much of its BR existence it was based at Peterborough New England depot.  It was withdrawn in August 1962. The photograph was taken at Princess Risborough.
 

     
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