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Early Locomotives for Germany
Built by Robert Stephenson


by Greg Martin

Rail Album for railway and other photographs


Robert Stephenson had built his locomotives in various places, usually on his customer's premises. This changed in 1823 when he established the first locomotive factory in the world, the Robert Stephenson & Company's works in Forth Street, Newcastle-on-Tyne. The partners in the business were Robert Stephenson, George Stephenson, Edward Pease and Michael Longridge.

The company's first loco was "Locomotion", a standard gauge 0-4-0 built for the Stockton & Darlington Railway in 1825.

Many of the company's locomotives were exported to other countries. The first loco for the USA was "Pride of Newcastle, a 4'3" gauge 0-4-0 built for the Delaware & Hudson Railroad in 1828. The first loco for Russia was "Prowornoi", a 2-2-2 built for the 6'0" gauge Petersburg & Pavlovsky Railway in 1836. "Adler" was the first of the company's locomotives built for Germany. This was a 4'10" gauge 2-2-2 built for the Nuremberg & Fürth in 1835.

Most famous of the locomotives built by Robert Stephenson & Company was "Rocket", a standard gauge 0-2-2 built in 1835 for the Rainhill Trials on the Liverpool & Manchester Railway (who subsequently bought the loco).

The following table lists the early Robert Stephenson & Company locos built for customers in Germany. The information was taken from the company's records, so please forgive any strange spellings (some corrections are given at the bottom of the table);-

No.

Year

Gauge

Type

Customer

Name

118

1835

4'10"

2-2-2

Nuremberg & Fürth

Adler

148

1836

4'10"

2-2-2

Nuremberg & Fürth

Pfeil

157

1837

4'8½"

2-2-2

Munich & Augsberg

Jupiter

158

1837

4'8½"

2-2-2

Munich & Augsberg

Juno

170

1838

4'8½"

2-2-2

Taunus

Der Blitz

185

1838

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin & Potsdam

Pegasus

186

1838

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin & Potsdam

Iris

192

1838

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin & Potsdam

Adler

193

1838

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin & Potsdam

Mercur

194

1838

4'8½"

0-4-2

Berlin & Potsdam

Bär

197

1838

4'8½"

0-4-2

Berlin & Potsdam

Hercules

205

1838

4'8½"

2-2-2

Leipzig & Dresden

Robert Stephenson

206

1838

4'8½"

2-2-2

Taunus

-

213

1840

4'8½"

2-2-2

Rheinische

Rokete

214

1840

4'8½"

2-2-2

Rheinische

Comete

216

1840

4'8½"

0-4-2

Rheinische

-

232

1840

-

0-4-2

Dusseldorf-Elberfeld

Johann Wilhelm

233

1840

-

0-4-2

Dusseldorf-Elberfeld

Nearider

233

1840

-

0-4-2

Dusseldorf-Elberfeld

Nearider

236

-

-

-

Dusseldorf-Elberfeld

-

237

-

-

-

Dusseldorf-Elberfeld

-

249

1839

4'8½"

2-2-2

Taunus

Der Adler

250

1840

4'8½"

2-2-2

Taunus

Der Pfeil

252

1839

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin-Anhalt

Comet

253

1839

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin-Anhalt

Asconia

254

1840

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin-Anhalt

Adler

255

1840

4'8½"

2-2-2

Taunus

-

258

1840

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin-Anhalt

Courier

259

1840

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin-Anhalt

Hirsch

263

1840

4'8½"

2-2-2

Taunus

-

280

1840

4'8½"

0-4-2

Berlin-Anhalt

9 Sirius

281

1840

4'8½"

0-4-2

Berlin-Anhalt

6 Hercules

282

1840

4'8½"

0-4-2

Berlin-Anhalt

8 Centaur

283

1840

4'8½"

-

Berlin-Anhalt

7 Atlas

288

1841

4'8½"

0-4-2

Rheinsische

Rhein

289

1841

4'8½"

0-4-2

Rheinsische

Hercules

290

1841

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin-Anhalt

11 Fortuna

291

1841

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin-Anhalt

13 Straus

292

1841

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin-Anhalt

12 Stephenson

293

1841

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin-Anhalt

Vulcan

294

1841

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin-Anhalt

Atlanta

295

1841

4'8½"

2-2-2

Berlin-Anhalt

Pegasus

309

1841

4'8½"

2-2-2

Rheinsische

Vörwarts

310

1841

4'8½"

2-2-2

Rheinsische

Merkur

314

1841

4'8½"

2-2-2

Munich & Augsberg

Mercur

315

1841

4'8½"

2-2-2

Munich & Augsberg

Diana

327

1841

4'8½"

2-2-2

Hamburg & Begedorf

Die Hansa

356

1842

4'8½"

2-4-0

Dusseldorf-Elberfeld

Vulcan

357

1842

4'8½"

2-4-0

Dusseldorf-Elberfeld

Achille

360

1842

4'8½"

2-2-2

Hamburg & Begedorf

33 Berlin

361

1842

4'8½"

2-2-2

Hamburg & Begedorf

34 Hannover

362

1842

4'8½"

2-2-2

Hamburg & Begedorf

35 Magdeburg

364

1842

4'8½"

2-4-0

Sachsische-Bayerische

1 Saxonia

365

1842

4'8½"

2-4-0

Sachsische-Bayerische

2 Bavaria

366

1842

4'8½"

2-4-0

Sachsische-Bayerische

3 Iris

367

1842

4'8½"

2-4-0

Sachsische-Bayerische

4 Adler

368

1842

4'8½"

2-4-0

Sachsische-Bayerische

5 Loewe

369

1842

4'8½"

2-4-0

Sachsische-Bayerische

6 Hirsch

372

1843

5'3"

2-2-2

Baden State

16 Stephenson

373

1843

5'3"

2-2-2

Baden State

17 Germania

382

1843

4'8½"

2-4-0

Sachsische-Bayerische

7 Falke

383

1843

4'8½"

2-4-0

Sachsische-Bayerische

8 Schwan

384

1843

4'8½"

2-4-0

Sachsische-Bayerische

10 Tiger

385

1843

4'8½"

2-4-0

Sachsische-Bayerische

9 Bär

387

1843

4'8½"

0-6-0

Braunschweig

Crodo

391

1843

4'8½"

0-6-0

Braunschweig

Wildemann

392

1843

4'8½"

2-4-0

Braunschweig

Hercynia

394

1843

4'8½"

2-2-2

Hanover State

5

395

1843

4'8½"

2-2-2

Hanover State

6

420

1844

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

1

421

1844

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

2

433

1844

5'3"

2-2-2

Baden State

18 Kaufenberg

434

1844

5'3"

2-2-2

Baden State

19 Ortenau

437

1844

4'8½"

2-4-0

Breslau-Schweidnitz-Freiburg

Gluckauf

440

1845

4'8½"

2-2-2

Ober Schlesische

21

441

1845

4'8½"

2-2-2

Ober Schlesische

22

442

1844

4'8½"

2-4-0

Magdeburg-Leipzig

Mellin

443

1844

4'8½"

2-4-0

Magdeburg-Leipzig

Concordia

445

1844

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Bayerische

Elephant

446

1844

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Bayerische

Leopard

451

1844

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

7

452

1844

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

8

457

1845

4'8½"

2-4-0

Rheinische

115 Saturn

458

1845

4'8½"

2-4-0

Rheinische

116 Schelde

459

1845

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Germania

460

1845

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Saxonia

461

1845

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Lusatia

462

1845

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Dresden

473

1845

5'3"

2-2-2

Baden State

37 Trevithick

474

1845

5'3"

2-2-2

Baden State

38 James Watt

475

1845

5'3"

2-2-2

Baden State

39 Britannia

476

1845

5'3"

2-2-2

Baden State

40 Schwartzwald

477

1845

5'3"

2-2-2

Baden State

41 Breigsgau

478

1845

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Buntzen

479

1845

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Gorlitz

480

1845

4'8½"

2-2-2

Köln-Minden

Dusseldorf

481

1845

4'8½"

2-2-2

Köln-Minden

Wupper

495

1846

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

R Stephenson

496

1846

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Silesia

497

1846

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Radeberg

498

1846

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Bischofswerder

501

1846

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

25

502

1846

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

26

503

1846

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

27

504

1846

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

28

505

1846

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

29

506

1846

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

30

507

1846

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

31

508

1846

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

32

509

1846

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

33

511

1846

4'8½"

4-2-0

Thüringen

Weissenfels

512

1846

4'8½"

4-2-0

Thüringen

Naumburg

513

1846

4'8½"

4-2-0

Thüringen

Weimar

514

1847

4'8½"

4-2-0

Thüringen

Apolda

515

1847

4'8½"

4-2-0

Thüringen

Leipzig

516

1847

4'8½"

4-2-0

Thüringen

Magdeburg

517

1847

4'8½"

4-2-0

Thüringen

Cassel

518

1847

4'8½"

4-2-0

Thüringen

Frankfurt

519

1847

4'8½"

4-2-0

Thüringen

Berlin

520

1848

4'8½"

2-2-2

Thüringen

Wartburg

521

1848

4'8½"

2-2-2

Thüringen

Koesen

522

1848

4'8½"

2-2-2

Thüringen

Sulza

523

1848

4'8½"

2-2-2

Thüringen

Elster

524

1848

4'8½"

2-2-2

Thüringen

Unstrutt

525

1848

4'8½"

2-2-2

Thüringen

Vorwärts

528

1846

4'8½"

2-2-2

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

34

538

1846

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Lobau

539

1846

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Reichenbach

540

1846

4'8½"

2-4-0

Chemnitz-Riesa

Steiger

541

1846

4'8½"

2-4-0

Chemnitz-Riesa

Elbe

542

1846

4'8½"

2-4-0

Chemnitz-Riesa

Midde

543

1846

4'8½"

2-4-0

Chemnitz-Riesa

Riesa

544

1846

4'8½"

2-4-0

Chemnitz-Riesa

Freischutz

545

1846

4'8½"

2-4-0

Chemnitz-Riesa

Chemnitz

546

1846

4'8½"

0-6-0

Braunsweig

Brocken

547

1846

4'8½"

0-6-0

Braunsweig

Wolfenbüttel

595

1847

4'8½"

2-4-0

Hesse Nordbahn

5 Robert Stephenson

596

1847

4'8½"

2-4-0

Hesse Nordbahn

6 Atalante

597

1847

4'8½"

2-4-0

Hesse Nordbahn

7 Blitz

598

1847

4'8½"

2-4-0

Hesse Nordbahn

8 Greif

620

1847

4'8½"

0-6-0

S M Peto
Later: Altona-Kiel

6
600

741

1848

4'8½"

2-4-0

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

71

742

1848

4'8½"

2-4-0

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

72

743

1848

4'8½"

2-4-0

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

73

744

1849

4'8½"

2-4-0

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

74

745

1849

4'8½"

2-4-0

Neiderschlesisches-Märkische

75

768

1850

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Borussia

769

1850

4'8½"

2-4-0

Saxische-Schlesische

Austria

866

1852

4'8½"

4-2-0

Kgl Ostbahn, Prussia

35 England

Some Corrections To The Maker's Information

Information kindly supplied by Marcel Sebastian;-

232 up to 237

Düsseldorf-Elberfeld line was built to 4'8½" gauge

309

Vorwärts

437

Glückauf

476

Schwarzwald

477

Breisgau

479

Görlitz

480

Düsseldorf


Measurement conversion:-

Imperial

Metric

Notes

4'8½"

1435mm

Standard gauge / Normalspur

4'10"

1473mm

Broad gauge / Breitspur

5'3"

1600mm

Broad gauge / Breitspur


Wheel notation conversion:-

Whyte

German

2-2-2

1A1

4-2-0

2A

0-4-2

B1

2-4-0

1B

0-6-0

C


     
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